J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2020 Sep;31(3):300-309. 10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.3.300.

The Effects of Social Participation Attitude, Social Support, and Empowerment on Ageism Experience in the Elderly Using Welfare Centers

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Deajeon, Korea
  • 2Student, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Deajeon, Korea
  • 3Welfare-Education Manager, Daejeon Metropolitan City Senior Welfare Center, Daejeon, Korea
  • 4Adjunct Professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study was conducted to investigate the factors affecting the discrimination of the elderly using welfare centers.
Methods
A cross-sectional study was conducted with 217 elderly people from a welfare center in D city. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire survey consisting of ageism experience, social participation attitude, social support, and empowerment. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were performed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
Results
As a result of analyzing the correlations among the variables, the discrimination experience of the elderly showed negative correlations in social participation attitude and child relationship support. The factors affecting the discrimination experience of the elderly include gender, job, smartphone use, and child relationship support had a significant effect. The explanatory power of the discrimination experience of these factors was 15.4%.
Conclusion
This study found that gender, job, social support, and smartphone use were factors influencing the discrimination experience of the elderly. It is hoped that public relations and policy measures should be considered.

Keyword

Ageism; Social participation; Social support; Empowerment
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