Sleep Med Psychophysiol.  2020 Dec;27(2):56-66. 10.14401/KASMED.2020.27.2.56.

The Effect of Continuous Positive Pressure Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea on Quality of Life : A Single-Institution Study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Presbyterian Medical Center-Jesus Hospital, Jeonju, Korea

Abstract


Objectives
In this study, the clinical characteristics of OSA patients and the quality of life before and after CPAP use were compared to determine the degree of improvement in quality of life according to CPAP use.
Methods
Age, sex, height, weight, body mass index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Modified Mallampatti Score, Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Korean, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index were compared between men and women through medical records. To understand the degree of improvement in quality of life resulting from use of CPAP, a personal telephone call was made to compare the VAS scores for quality of life before and after CPAP use.
Results
In height (HT) (Z = -4.525, p< 0.001), weight (BW) (Z = -2.844, p < 0.05), sleep quality (PSQI) (Z = -2.671, p < 0.05), and arousal index (AI) (Z = -2.105, p < 0.05), there was a difference between men and women (p < 0.05). There was no difference in the remaining variables. Cross-analysis (Chi-square test) confirmed a difference between severity and sex of OSA. It has been found that there is no statistically significant order in size according to level-specific severity of OSA for PreCPAP QOL, PostCPAP QOL, CPAPUse Months, and CPAP4Hr/d (%) (p > 0.05). The difference between AHI before and after CPAP was 36.48 ± 21.54 (t = 11.609, p < 0.001) and the difference between QOL before and after CPAP was –25.43 ± 22.06 (t = -7.901,p < 0.001), both of which were significant (p < 0.001).
Conclusion
Among OSA patients, there were differences in height (HT), weight (BW), sleep quality (PSQI), arousal index (AI), and severity of OSA between men and women, but the quality of life before and after CPAP was different. However, there was no difference between men and women in quality of life before and after CPAP. In addition, quality of life in OSA patients improved after using CPAP

Keyword

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure; Obstructive Sleep Apnea; Quality of Life; Sex difference
Full Text Links
  • SMP
Actions
Cited
CITED
export Copy
Close
Share
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2022 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr