Korean J Transplant.  2020 Dec;34(Supple 1):S176. 10.4285/ATW2020.OP-1135.

Modified rat limb transplantation model for VCA experiments: difficulties and know-how of vascularized bone marrow flap

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Institute for Human Tissue Restoration, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background
Diverse researches in vascularized composite tissue allotransplantation (VCA), represented by face/hand transplantation, is performed by a rat-based animal experiment. In the early, limb transplantation was mainly used, but in recently, a modified model is used for the proper purpose of research. We used vascularized femoral bone marrow flap for immune tolerance research. We would like to analyze and present the results of the high technique animal experiments area.
Methods
Donor used a 7-8-week-old Brown Norway rat (BN, RTn). Recipients were 7-8-week-old Lewis rats (LEW, RT1). Femoral bone was used as the target materials for the immune tolerance effect. Pedicle used femoral artery and vein. To confirm flap survival from the outside, a 2x2 cm inguinal skin flap based on a lateral circumflex vessel branching from the femoral vessel was included. Flap was classified as osteocutaneous flap. Immunosuppression, FK-506, was given daily IP. Blood samples were taken 3 days, and once a week after operation. We keep the rats for 8 weeks.
Results
Total 30 VCAs were performed. Animal experiments were performed by one surgeon (JWH). It took approximately 6 hours from initial preparation to cleaning. Vascular anastomosis was connected to one artery and one vein. Out of a total of 30 animals, five died immediately after surgery. Even if the operation was successful, 12 cases died within 2 weeks. There were many cases of death within 1-2 days after blood sampling when anesthesia was insufficient. Conversely, there were several cases of death when anesthesia was excessive. In addition, there were cases of death in lower body temperature or weight loss.
Conclusions
Vascularized bone marrow transplantation is a technically difficult and time-consuming operation. Body temperature, pain during surgery, and dietary management in postoperative period are absolutely necessary. Invasive procedures such as orbital blood sampling after surgery should also be performed delicately.

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