Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2020 Nov;29(4):316-324. 10.5807/kjohn.2020.29.4.316.

Differences in the Working Environment and Health Outcomes according to the Employment Type of Delivery Workers

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
This study aimed to identify differences in physical working environments, psychosocial working environments, and health outcomes according to the employment type of delivery workers.
Methods
This study was a secondary analysis of data collected from the Fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). Participants were 84 Korean delivery workers. Data were analyzed using the SAS 9.4 Version, x 2 test and Fisher’s exact test.
Results
Statistically significant differences were found according to the employment type of delivery workers (special types, wage) including “noise”, “vibrations”, “repetitive movements”, “supervisor support”, “colleague support”, “manuals on emotional expression”, “existence of trade union, works council or similar body”.
Conclusion
This study suggests the necessity of improving the working environment and health outcomes of delivery workers belonging to special employment types. In developing these, the laws and systems must be reorganized to enable the recognition of delivery workers as wage workers. In addition, delivery companies should be held responsible for managing delivery workers.

Keyword

Employment; Environment; Health
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