Psychiatry Investig.  2020 Sep;17(9):951-959. 10.30773/pi.2020.0147.

Burnout as a Mediator in the Relationship between Work-Life Balance and Empathy in Healthcare Professionals

Affiliations
  • 1Public Health Medical Service, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 3Human Rights Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 4Department of Psychiatry, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 5Yeongeon Student Support Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • 6Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Abstract


Objective
This cross-sectional study aimed to 1) explore the relationships among work-life balance (WLB), burnout, and empathy and 2) investigate the roles of the subtypes of burnout relating to WLB and empathy.
Methods
A total of 105 health care professionals from a general hospital in Seoul were assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, and a one-sentence-question on subjective WLB. Multiple questions on psychiatric problems, including sleep problems, anxiety, depressive symptom, and alcohol problems, were also included.
Results
In the mediation analyses, personal achievement was considered as a potential mediating variable between WLB and empathy. The direct effect (β=3.93, 95% CI: 1.21–6.64) and the indirect effect (β=1.95, 95% CI: 0.52–3.76) of WLB on empathy were also significant.
Conclusion
Interventions encouraging personal achievement may help mitigate burnout of health professionals.

Keyword

Work-life balance, Burnout, Empathy, Healthcare professionals
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