Ann Geriatr Med Res.  2020 Sep;24(3):187-194. 10.4235/agmr.20.0038.

Policies and Transformation of Long-Term Care System in Taiwan

  • 1Department of Social Welfare, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2Department of Social Work, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan


The Taiwanese government has been facing severe challenges pressed by population ageing. The government started taking the issue of long-term care seriously since the first rotation of the political parties in 2000. However, early plans for long-term care were limited in terms of coverage. The Long-Term Care 2.0 Plan—a tax-funded, universal plan—was implemented in 2016. Soon after its implementation, the number of service organizations and the coverage of service increased sharply. This paper takes Taiwan as an example to discuss the designs of long-term care, and strategies to expand service. Many countries nowadays are under pressure to expand long-term care services. Taiwan’s experience could serve as a good example on how to achieve such policy goal within a short period of time. In addition, policy challenges for expanding long-term care are discussed.


Long-term care; Policy analysis; Policy development
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