J Mov Disord.  2020 Sep;13(3):218-222. 10.14802/jmd.20073.

Deep Brain Stimulation Battery Exhaustion during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Crisis within a Crisis

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Karnataka, India
  • 2Department of Clinical Neurosciences, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Karnataka, India
  • 3Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Karnataka, India

Abstract


Objective
The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and public health measures to control it have resulted in unique challenges in the management of patients with deep brain stimulation (DBS). We report our experience with the management of acute worsening of symptoms due to battery exhaustion in 3 patients with DBS.
Methods
Patients with DBS for movement disorders who visited the emergency room due to battery exhaustion during the nationwide lockdown from April to May 2020 were included.
Results
Two patients with subthalamic nucleus-DBS for Parkinson’s disease (PD) and one with globus pallidus interna-DBS for generalized dystonia presented with acute worsening of symptoms due to battery exhaustion. Urgent battery replacement was performed in both patients with PD. The patient with generalized dystonia was managed with medication adjustment as he chose to defer battery replacement.
Conclusion
DBS battery replacement can be an emergency. Decisions regarding DBS battery replacement should be individualized during this COVID-19 pandemic.

Keyword

Battery exhaustion; COVID-19; Deep brain stimulation; Dystonia; Parkinson disease
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