J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2020 Sep;44(3):151-157. 10.11149/jkaoh.2020.44.3.151.

Oral health status depending on the type of national health insurance: the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES Ⅶ)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea
  • 2Samsung Family Dental Clinic, Sejong, Korea
  • 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Howon University, Gunsan, Korea
  • 4Department of Dental Hygiene, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology, Daejeon, Korea
  • 5Department of Dental Hygiene, U1 University, Yeongdong, Korea

Abstract


Objectives
This study was conducted to analyze dental caries and periodontal diseases in Korean adults depending on types of national health insurance, using data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES Ⅶ).
Methods
From 2016 to 2018, the final analysis included a total of 12,601 adults over 19 years of age, who had undergone dental inspections for dental caries and periodontitis, and whose national health insurance was verified.
Results
Among all the subjects, the ratio of employees was highest (67.4%), followed by the self-employed (39.4%), and then medical care recipients (3.3%). The prevalence of dental caries and periodontitis was 93.0% and 30.5%, respectively, among all subjects. The former was highest for medical aid recipients (95.9%), followed by employees (93.1%), and was lowest for the self-employed (92.2%) (P<0.001). The latter was highest for medical aid recipients (40.7%), followed by the self-employed (35.9%), and was lowest for employees (27.7%) (P<0.001). The prevalence of dental caries in the self-employed group was significantly lower (0.52 times) than that of medical care recipients (95% CI: 0.28-0.94), while no significant difference was seen between the latter and employees. There were also no significant differences among them, depending on the types of national health insurance and periodontitis.
Conclusions
It is necessary to develop oral health promotion programs that are not biased toward specific types of health insurance subscriptions, and to establish a business plan for oral prevention of subscribers of medical benefits.

Keyword

Dental caries; National health insurance; Oral health; Periodontal disease
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