J Vet Sci.  2020 Mar;21(2):e37. 10.4142/jvs.2020.21.e37.

Application of carbon dioxide as a novel approach to eradicate poultry red mites

Affiliations
  • 1Veterinary Drugs & Biologics Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency (APQA), Gimcheon 39660, Korea
  • 2Avian Disease Research Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency (APQA), Gimcheon 39660, Korea

Abstract

Poultry red mites (PRMs), Dermanyssus gallinae, are one of the most harmful ectoparasites of laying hens. Because of their public health impact, safe, effective methods to eradicate PRMs are greatly needed. Carbon dioxide (CO2 ) was shown to eradicate phytophagous mites; however, there is no evidence that PRMs can be eradicated by CO2. Thus, the efficacy of CO2, applied by direct-spraying and dry ice-generated exposure, for eradicating PRMs was investigated. Both treatments eradicated > 85% of PRMs within 24 h and 100% of PRMs by 120 h of post-treatment. Therefore, these novel approaches may be useful for eradicating PRMs in clinical settings.

Keyword

Acaricides; asphyxiator; carbon dioxide; Dermanyssus gallinae
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