J Korean Acad Prosthodont.  2020 Jul;58(3):257-267. 10.4047/jkap.2020.58.3.257.

Fabrication of mandibular suction denture for complete edentulous patient: A case report

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea

Abstract

The goal of suction denture is to enhance retention of dentures by the formation of negative pressure between the denture base and the underlying tissue and sealing around the denture by the mucosa. This patient has been converted to a completely edentulous state after the extraction of residual teeth. Fabrication of suction denture was planned because it was estimated that the conventional compete would be hard to achieve retention due to the absorption of residual ridge and lack of sublingual fold. Through appropriate clinical and laboratory technique such as preliminary impression on the mandibular rest position, provisional vertical dimension determination with Centric Tray® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), closed mouth definitive impression and jaw relation record using individual tray with Gnathometer M® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), artificial teeth arrangement considering stability of the denture, and proper polymerization technique that minimizes polymerization shrinkage, restoring the patient with suction denture resulted in satisfaction throughout the function and asesthetics.

Keyword

Bilateral balanced occlusion; Closed-mouth impression; Suction denture
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