Korean J Psychosom Med.  2020 Jun;28(1):20-28. 10.22722/KJPM.2020.28.1.20.

Psychosocial Characteristics and Quality of Life in Patients with Functional Gastrointestinal Disorder

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea
  • 2Departments of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea

Abstract


Objectives
:The aim of this study was to compare psychosocial characteristics of the functional gastrointestinal disorders FGID group, non-FGID group, and control group and determine factors affecting the QOL of patients with FGID.
Methods
:135 patients diagnosed with FGID were selected. 79 adults had no observable symptoms of FGID (control group) and 88 adults showed symptoms of FGID (non-FGID group). Demographic factors were investigated. The Korean-Beck Depression Inventory-II, Korean-Beck Anxiety Inventory, Korean-Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-15 and WHO Quality of Life Assessment Instrument Brief Form were used to assess psychosocial factors. A one-way ANOVA was used to compare differences among groups. Pearson correlation test was performed to analyze the correlation of psychosocial factors and QOL of the FGID group. Further, a hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to determine factors affecting the QOL of the FGID group.
Results
:Between-group differences were not significant in demographic characteristics. Depression (F=48.75, p<0.001), anxiety (F=14.48, p<0.001), somatization (F=24.42, p<0.001) and childhood trauma (F=12.71, p<0.001) were significantly higher in FGID group than in other groups. Social support (F=39.95, p< 0.001) and resilience (F=17.51, p<0.001) were significantly lower in FGID group than in other groups. Resilience (β=0.373, p<0.01) was the most important explanatory variable. The explained variance was 47.2%.
Conclusions
:Significantly more symptoms of depression, anxiety, childhood trauma, and somatization were observed for the FGID group. This group also had less social support, resilience, and quality of life than the non- FGID and control groups. The key factor for quality of life of the FGID group was resilience.

Keyword

Functional gastrointestinal disorder; Depression; Anxiety; Resilience; Quality of life
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