J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2020 Mar;29(1):1-13. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2020.29.1.1.

Relationships among Suicide Traumatic Experiences, Attitudes toward Suicide, Depression, Self-efficacy, and Social Support in General Adults

  • 1Assistance Professor, Department of Nursing, Kyungnam University, Changwon, Korea
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing ․ Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Baekseok Culture University, Cheonan, Korea


The amis of this study were to examine the suicide traumatic experiences and attitudes toward suicide and examine their associations with depression, self-efficacy, and social support in general adults.
In this descriptive cross-sectional study, data were collected through a web-based survey (N=500). We analyzed 441 respondents considering missing data. A structured questionnaire included Attitude Toward Suicide (ATTS), experiences and characteristics related to suicide, depression, self-efficacy, and social support. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, one-way ANOVA with Scheffé tests, Fisher’s exact tests, and Pearson’s correlation coefficients with SPSS/WIN 23.
Among study participants, 34.9% reported suicide traumatic experiences. When they had more acceptability’ and ‘understandability’ in the attitudes toward suicide, they were younger, more depressive, and at the lower level of self-efficacy. There were somewhat differences of associations of ‘understandability’ in the attitudes toward suicide with depression, suicide attempt, suicide thought, and experience counseling between the suicide trauma and non-trauma groups. There were positive correlations for ‘acceptability’, ‘understandability’, ‘tabooing’, and depression and negative correlations for ‘acceptability’, self-efficacy, and social support.
Our study findings suggest that educational programs need to improve nurse’s ability in suicide-related practices considering psychological factors and development of comprehensive nursing interventions.


Attitude to death; Depression; Self efficacy; Social support; Adult; 자살태도; 우울; 자기효능감; 사회적 지지; 성인
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