Korean J Sports Med.  2020 Mar;38(1):43-54. 10.5763/kjsm.2020.38.1.43.

Longitudinal Panel Study of Sports Injuries in University Elite Athletes

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Physical Education, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Departments of Community Sports, Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Research Institute for Sports Sciences, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
The first aim of this study was to retrospectively survey sports injuries among 608 athletes participating in 26 sport events. The second aim was to compare the characteristics of sports injuries depending on the occurrences during the high school and university periods.
Methods
The data were collected based on the daily injury report form proposed by the International Olympic Committee from March to June 2019.
Results
Four hundred and thirty-nine athletes (313 men) of 608 participated athletes experienced a total of 747 sports injuries, indicating 0.7 injuries per 1,000 athlete exposures (AEs). The incidence rate during the university period was 6.1 injuries/1,000 AEs, which was approximately two-fold higher than that during the high school period (2.8 injuries/1,000 AEs). The reported frequency of injuries was the highest among long distance athletics (n=60, 8.0%), and in each subgroup as well.
Conclusion
Many more injuries were incurred during practice wherein injuries in long-distance athletics were the most common than in competition athletics; handball injuries and taekwondo injuries were the most common during high school and university, respectively. The most contact injuries occurred in taekwondo and most noncontact injuries occurred in gymnastics during high school and in badminton during university. The most commonly affected body parts were the knee, shoulder, and ankle. Severe injuries were the most frequent in long distance athletics, and emergent situations were the most common in taekwondo.

Keyword

Athletic injuries; High school; Incidence; Longitudinal panel study; University
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