Korean J Dermatol.  2020 Jan;58(1):51-54.

A Case of Xanthelasma Palpebrarum Presenting as “Yellow Eyelines”

Affiliations
  • 1College of Medicine, Inje University, Goyang, Korea
  • 2Departments of Dermatology and Internal Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Korea

Abstract

Xanthelasma palpebrarum (XP) is the most common type of xanthoma. It is a benign condition characterized by bright yellowish plaque-like lesions that appear near the inner epicanthus showing symmetrical distribution. It may be accompanied with some familial lipoprotein disorders and systemic hyperlipidemia. A 28-year-old man visited our department with complaints of periorbital hyperpigmentation and linear yellow plaques along the bilateral upper and lower eyelids for 5 years. His father has hyperlipidemia. Laboratory investigations revealed an increase in low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Histopathologic examination showed diffused infiltration of foamy cells and histiocytes in the upper dermis. The patient was diagnosed with XP based on the clinical and histopathological findings. XP usually present as yellow plaques on the upper eyelids. Here, we report a rare case of XP confined to the eyelines.

Keyword

Eyeline; Plane xanthoma; Xanthelasma palpebrarum; Xanthoma
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