Arch Craniofac Surg.  2020 Feb;21(1):64-68. 10.7181/acfs.2019.00661.

Image-guided navigation surgery for bilateral choanal atresia with a Tessier number 3 facial cleft in an adult

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea
  • 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea
  • 3Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea

Abstract

The coexistence of craniofacial cleft and bilateral choanal atresia has only been reported in three cases in the literature, and only one of those cases involved a Tessier number 3 facial cleft. It is also rare for bilateral choanal atresia to be found in adulthood, with 10 previous cases reported in the literature. This report presents the case of a 19-year-old woman with a Tessier number 3 facial cleft who was diagnosed with bilateral choanal atresia in adulthood. At first, the diagnosis of bilateral choanal atresia was missed and septoplasty was performed. After septoplasty, the patient’s symptoms did not improve, and an endoscopic examination revealed previously unnoticed bilateral choanal atresia. Computed tomography showed left membranous atresia and right bony atresia. The patient underwent an operation for opening and widening of the left choana with an image-guided navigation system (IGNS), which enabled accurate localization of the lesion while ensuring patient safety. Postoperatively, the patient became able to engage in nasal breathing and reported that it was easier for her to breathe, and there were no signs of restenosis at a 26-month follow-up. The patient was successfully treated with an IGNS.

Keyword

Choanal atresia; Computer-assisted; Craniofacial abnormalities; Face; Imaging, three-dimensional; Nasal obstruction; Nose; Otolaryngology; Surgery, plastic
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