J Korean Soc Emerg Med.  2020 Apr;31(2):221-227.

Preliminary study on diagnosis of acute scrotum usingpoint-of-care ultrasonography by novice emergency residents:a comparison with conventional ultrasonography

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea

Abstract


Objective
The diagnostic accuracy of novice residents in evaluating the scrotal pathology by point-of-care (POC) ultrasonography (US) was compared with that by the conventional US to determine the level of experience required to achieve competency.
Methods
Three novice residents underwent a one-day training course on identifying scrotal pathologies using POC US. They performed POC US on patients with an acute scrotum to identify five pathological findings. The diagnosis was confirmed by conventional scrotal US. The sensitivity and specificity of POC US by novice residents were calculated, and the changes in sensitivity and specificity over time were observed.
Results
Sixty-two patients were included; the overall sensitivity and specificity were 76.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 61.3%-88.2%) and 78.9% (95% CI, 54.4%-93.9%), respectively. Decreased blood flow in the testicle showed very good specificity (100%; 95% CI, 93.8%-100.0%). The sensitivity and accuracy were variable at first 18 scans of each resident, but increased after 18 scans and were maintained over time.
Conclusion
Although the diagnostic accuracy of novice residents in evaluating the scrotal pathology using POC US was variable at first, the accuracy improved over time, especially after 18 scans of each resident. Nevertheless, larger, longterm research is needed to confirm the results of this study.

Keyword

Ultrasound; Testicular torsion; Epididymitis; Orchitis; Scrotum
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