Ann Dermatol.  2020 Apr;32(2):109-114. 10.5021/ad.2020.32.2.109.

Analysis of Adult Patients with Tinea Capitis in Southeastern Korea

  • 1Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea.
  • 2Institute of Medical Mycology, Catholic Skin Clinic, Daegu, Korea.


Tinea capitis is a cutaneous infection of dermatophytes and predominant in children. Although tinea capitis in Korea is controlled by oral antifungal medications and concerted public health initiatives, it's still a health issue.
To investigate changes in the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of adult patients with tinea capitis in southeastern Korea.
Using medical records from Kyungpook National University Hospital and Catholic Skin Clinic from 1989 to 2018, we retrospectively investigated the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of 266 adult patients (aged over 20) with tinea capitis.
Among total 266 patients, 239 were KOH-positive. The annual incidence of tinea capitis ranged from 3 to 18 between 1989 and 2018. Of the total, 54 (20.30%) were male and 212 (79.70%) were female. Eighty patients (30.08%) were in their seventies, the most commonly affected age group. Of the remaining, 58 (21.80%) were in their sixties, and 41 (15.41%) in eighties. Among all, 77 (28.95%) visited the hospital in summer, 72 (27.07%) in spring, 64 (24.06%) in winter, and 53 (19.92%) in fall. Dermatophytes were cultured from 171 patients. Microsporum canis was the most common dermatophyte (42.48%), while Trichophyton rubrum was the second (15.79%). Of the 266 patients, 186 (69.92%) lived in urban areas and 80 (30.08%) in rural areas.
The epidemiological and mycological characteristics of adult patients with tinea capitis were different from those of children in terms of annual incidence, sex distribution, and isolated dermatophytes. These results provide useful information for the treatment and prevention of tinea capitis.


Dermatophytosis; Epidemiology; Microsporum canis; Tinea capitis

MeSH Terms

Medical Records
Public Health
Retrospective Studies
Sex Distribution
Tinea Capitis*


  • Fig. 1 Annual incidence for adult patients with tinea capitis.

  • Fig. 2 Proportion of adult patients in total tinea capitis incidence by time period. The proportion of tinea capitis patients aged over 20 years has been increasing with time: 12.31% between 1989 and 1998, 25.75% between 1999 and 2008, and 49.03% between 2009 and 2018.


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