Yonsei Med J.  2020 Mar;61(3):218-228. 10.3349/ymj.2020.61.3.218.

Leisure Time Physical Activity to Reduce Metabolic Syndrome Risk: A 10-Year Community-Based Prospective Study in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medical Science, Yonsei University Graduate School, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. kohhj@yonsei.ac.kr
  • 3Department of Cardiology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
  • 4Institute of Genomic Cohort, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.
  • 5Department of Occupational Therapy, Yonsei University College of Health Science, Wonju, Korea.
  • 6Institute of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major public health problem related to increased risks of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. We investigated whether recommended levels of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) decrease the risk of MetS in a community-based prospective cohort study (Ansung and Ansan cohort).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
A total of 3910 adults (1890 men, 2020 women) without MetS examined in 2001-2002 (baseline) were included in this study and followed up from 2013 to 2014. We measured LTPA energy expenditure using the standard metabolic equivalent value [metabolic equivalent of task (MET)-h/wk]. Individuals were categorized into five groups (physically inactive, 0.1 to <7.5, 7.5 to <15.0, 15.0 to <22.5, 22.5 to <40.0, and ≥40.0 MET-h/wk).
RESULTS
The mean follow-up period was 11.8 years. Among the cohort, 482 men (25.5%) and 541 women (26.8%) were diagnosed with newly developed MetS. Multivariate logistic analysis revealed a 4.4% lower MetS risk among those performing two to three times the recommended minimum of 7.5 MET-h/wk [multivariate relative risk (RR), 0.956; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.654-1.398] and a 21.9% lower risk among those performing three to four times the physical activity minimum (multivariate RR, 0.781; 95% CI, 0.574-1.063). This association was only significant in females performing three to four times the minimum (crude RR, 0.655; 95% CI, 0.432-0.994).
CONCLUSION
We noted that physical activity at more than 2 times the recommended minimum prevents MetS. Healthcare professionals should encourage inactive adults to be physically active during their leisure time to take advantage of its health benefits.

Keyword

Physical activity; metabolic syndrome; relative risk; Korea; exercise

MeSH Terms

Adult
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cohort Studies
Delivery of Health Care
Energy Metabolism
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Gyeonggi-do
Humans
Insurance Benefits
Korea*
Leisure Activities*
Male
Metabolic Equivalent
Motor Activity*
Prospective Studies*
Public Health
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