Korean J Radiol.  2020 Mar;21(3):341-355. 10.3348/kjr.2019.0343.

Ultrasonography of Pediatric Superficial Soft Tissue Tumors and Tumor-Like Lesions

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. sy1131.yoo@samsung.com
  • 2Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Radiology, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Ultrasonography (US) is usually the first imaging examination performed to evaluate palpable or visible superficial soft tissue lesions that are common in children. Although clinical assessments, such as age at presentation, clinical course, and overlying skin discoloration, are important for the differentiation of pediatric soft tissue lesions, US allows a specific diagnosis of some typical benign lesions and helps in guiding further investigation since it provides detailed information about the lesion location, characterization including solid versus cystic, vascularity, and compressibility. Therefore, sufficient knowledge of the normal anatomy, proper ultrasonographic techniques, and the imaging findings of common and uncommon soft tissue lesions in children are crucial for accurate assessment and management of patients. In this article, we review the techniques and imaging findings focusing on the ultrasonographic features of a variety of superficial soft tissue lesions detected in children.

Keyword

Ultrasonography; MRI; Soft-tissue lesion; Soft-tissue tumor; Children
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