Health Commun.  2019 Dec;14(2):117-123. 10.15715/kjhcom.2019.14.2.117.

The Effectiveness of Direct Feedback of Faculty and Standardized Patient after Medical Students’ Clinical Performance Examination

  • 1Professor, Department of Social Welfare, Gyeongsang National University, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Department of Otolaryngorhinology, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Korea.
  • 3Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Korea.


Clear and proper feedback is necessary to decrease the gap between knowledge and practice. Feedback can improve clinical competence of medical students up to expertise level.
A total of 180 4th-year students of Daegu-Kyungbuk consortium area participated in the scheduled feedback program of clinical performance examination on August 26th in 2017. Among them, 167 students filled out the questionnaire on helpfulness of the direct observation and feedback of faculty and standardized patient (SP), helpfulness for history taking (Hx), physical examination (PE), and patient-physician interaction (PPI), and any change of clinical competence and clinical reasoning of the students preand post-feedback. All the responses were measured on 5-point Likert scale.
Among the total students, 88.6% responded that direct feedback at the practice is helpful, particularly 95.2% of faculty and 76.6% of SP. A 37.3% answered that it was helpful for all the categories of feedback, but only 25.3% for PE and 24.7% for Hx. A 56.3% responded that feedback is helpful for both disease questions and counseling practice. Mean score of self-assessment by the students increased from 2.52 to 3.36 for Hx, 2.30 to 3.24 for PE, 2.46 to 3.33 for clinical reasoning, 2.84 to 3.59 for PPI, and 2.44 to 3.28 for overall competence. And all these differences were found to be statistically significant (P <0.001)
A majority of students responded that the direct feedback from faculty and SP was helpful at the clinical practice of Hx, PE, and PPI, and increased the level of clinical competence.


Feedback; Direct Observation; Medical Students; Clinical Performance Examination

MeSH Terms

Clinical Competence
Mental Competency
Physical Examination
Students, Medical
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