Biomed Eng Lett.  2019 May;9(2):169-179. 10.1007/s13534-019-00105-z.

Advancements in temporomandibular joint total joint replacements (TMJR)

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Biomedical Science, School of Medicine, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford, Rockford, IL 61107, USA. mtmathew@uic.edu
  • 2Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
  • 3Center for MicroElectroMechanical System (CMEMS-UMINHO), Universidade do Minho, 4800-058 Guimaraes, Portugal.
  • 4Department of Dental Sciences, University Institute of Health Science (IUCS-CESPU), 4800-058 Gandra, Portugal.
  • 5Present Address: Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
  • 6TMJ Concepts, Ventura, CA, USA.

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to review the advantages and disadvantages of the various treatment options of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) total joint replacement (TJR). TMJ articles published within the last 20 years were reviewed to collect the information on non-invasive and invasive TMD treatment methods. Recent technological advancements helped the evolution of treatment methods and offered significant value to TMD patients and surgeons. Considering the TMD levels, the therapeutic procedures can involve general health examiniations, physical therapy, medication, oral rehabilation or as an end stage clinical invention, temporomandibular joint replacement. In fact when intra-articular TMD is present, the effective treatment method appears to be TJR. However, concern for infection, material hypersensitivity, device longevity and screws loosening issues still exists. Further combined research utilizing the knowledge and expertise of, surgeons, material scientists, and bioengineers is needed for the development of improved TMD therapeutic treatment.

Keyword

Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD); Total joint replacement (TJR); Technical advancements of TMJR

MeSH Terms

Humans
Hypersensitivity
Inventions
Joints*
Longevity
Methods
Surgeons
Temporomandibular Joint*
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