J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs.  2019 Nov;26(4):269-281. 10.7739/jkafn.2019.26.4.269.

The Effects of Venous Thromboembolism Prevention Education for Elderly Patients with Total Knee Arthroplasty

Affiliations
  • 1Nurse, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Gerontological Health Research Center in Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. mogu@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was conducted to develop and test the effects of venous thromboembolism prevention education for elderly patients with total knee arthroplasty.
METHODS
A non-equivalent control group posttest only non-synchronized design was used. The participants were 43 older adults (experimental group: 21, control group: 20) who had experienced total knee arthroplasty surgery at *university hospital located in *city. Venous thromboembolism prevention education consisted of a 20 minute intervention on the evening before the operation and a 5 minute intervention on the operation day including education and strategies for enhancing health belief. Data were collected from October 20, 2017 to March 10, 2018. Data were analyzed using independent t-test and Mann-Whitney U test with SPSS/WIN 24.0.
RESULTS
The experimental group showed significantly higher levels of knowledge, self-reported preventive behaviors, and number of ankle movements compared to the control group.
CONCLUSION
The study findings indicate that venous thromboembolism prevention education can be recommended as an effective nursing intervention for preventing venous thromboembolism of elderly patients with total knee arthroplasty.

Keyword

Aged; Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee; Venous Thromboembolism; Education

MeSH Terms

Adult
Aged*
Ankle
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee*
Education*
Humans
Nursing
Venous Thromboembolism*
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