J Korean Acad Oral Health.  2019 Dec;43(4):217-223. 10.11149/jkaoh.2019.43.4.217.

A study of the impact of dental hygienist concern on oral health care of the elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea. yamako93@deu.ac.kr
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Masan University, Changwon, Korea.
  • 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Silla University, Busan, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: There is currently little research on dental hygienists' interest and need related to oral care. To perform elderly oral care effectively, dental hygienists must understand the features of aging in the elderly. The purpose
of this study is to investigate how dental hygienists' interest affects oral care for the elderly.
METHODS
232 dental hygienists completed a self-reported questionnaire from March to April 2019. The questionnaires consisted of general characteristics of the subjects (6 items), elderly patient experience (11 items), and questions regarding aging (7 items). This study analyzed collected data by frequency analysis, ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
Correlation analysis between concern, need, and participation in elderly oral care showed a significant amount of correlation among all variables. We found that gender (P=0.022), education level (P=0.029), workplace type (P=0.002), and the proportion of future elderly patients were statistically significant (P=0.001) factors affecting the level of concern.
CONCLUSIONS
The results of this study suggest that experience in treating and caring for the elderly are essential factors for raising the interest and understanding of oral health care for elderly patients. Therefore, we should consider the development of various programs to raise interest in oral health for the elderly.

Keyword

Concern; Dental hygienist; Elderly; Oral care
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