Korean J Adult Nurs.  2019 Dec;31(6):618-627. 10.7475/kjan.2019.31.6.618.

Factors associated with Person-centered Care for Elderly in Long-term Care Hospital Nurses

  • 1Nurse, Emergency Center, Donggunsan Hospital, Gunsan, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Kunsan National University, Gunsan, Korea. yrpark@kunsan.ac.kr


The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships between person-centered care, nursing workplace spirituality, stress for elderly care, and nursing practice environment and to identify factors associated with person-centered care in long-term care hospital nurses.
The participants of this study were nurses at long-term care hospitals in Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongnan-do. Data was collected between July 20 and August 20, 2018 from questionnaire responses received 171 nurses. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and enter multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 22.0 program.
The mean score of person-centered care was 2.98±0.55 out of 5 points, nursing workplace spirituality scored 4.83±0.78 out of 7 points, stress for elderly care scored 2.96±0.37 out of 4 points, and nursing practice environment scored 2.40±0.42 out of 4 points. Person-centered care showed statistically significant positive correlations with nursing workplace spirituality (r=.51, p<.001) and nursing practice environment (r=.63, p<.001). Nursing practice environment showed a significant positive correlation with nursing workplace spirituality (r=.49, p<.001). Nursing practice environment, nursing workplace spirituality, and years of experience as nurse were significantly associated with person-centered care in long-term care hospital nurses.
Based on the results of this study, strategies are needed to improve the nursing practice environment and nursing workplace spirituality in order to enhance the person-centered care of long-term care hospital nurses. Moreover, it is necessary to explore educational measures to strengthen the person-centered care skills according to nursing career.

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