Korean J Adult Nurs.  2019 Dec;31(6):618-627. 10.7475/kjan.2019.31.6.618.

Factors associated with Person-centered Care for Elderly in Long-term Care Hospital Nurses

Affiliations
  • 1Nurse, Emergency Center, Donggunsan Hospital, Gunsan, Korea.
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Kunsan National University, Gunsan, Korea. yrpark@kunsan.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships between person-centered care, nursing workplace spirituality, stress for elderly care, and nursing practice environment and to identify factors associated with person-centered care in long-term care hospital nurses.
METHODS
The participants of this study were nurses at long-term care hospitals in Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongnan-do. Data was collected between July 20 and August 20, 2018 from questionnaire responses received 171 nurses. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and enter multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 22.0 program.
RESULTS
The mean score of person-centered care was 2.98±0.55 out of 5 points, nursing workplace spirituality scored 4.83±0.78 out of 7 points, stress for elderly care scored 2.96±0.37 out of 4 points, and nursing practice environment scored 2.40±0.42 out of 4 points. Person-centered care showed statistically significant positive correlations with nursing workplace spirituality (r=.51, p<.001) and nursing practice environment (r=.63, p<.001). Nursing practice environment showed a significant positive correlation with nursing workplace spirituality (r=.49, p<.001). Nursing practice environment, nursing workplace spirituality, and years of experience as nurse were significantly associated with person-centered care in long-term care hospital nurses.
CONCLUSION
Based on the results of this study, strategies are needed to improve the nursing practice environment and nursing workplace spirituality in order to enhance the person-centered care of long-term care hospital nurses. Moreover, it is necessary to explore educational measures to strengthen the person-centered care skills according to nursing career.

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