J Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry.  2019 Jun;25(2):95-100. 10.0000/jksbtp.2019.25.2.95.

Major Depressive Disorder in Family Caregivers of Patients with Dementia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Korea. psyjang@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The family caregivers of patients with dementia experience high caregiver burden. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of depression in family caregivers of dementia patients and to reveal whether or not the depression is affected by caregiver burden.
METHODS
Multi-stage cluster sampling was adopted in this study. Interviews were conducted face-to-face with 18-year-old and older people living in the community from June to November 2016. Korean version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview(K-CIDI) was applied to assess the prevalence of one-year MDD of the subjects. It also examined whether caregivers in the survey lived with the dementia patients, whether they were caregiving the dementia patients themselves, and which relationship they had.
RESULTS
Cross-analysis was conducted on the relationships in MDD and caregiver burden according to demographic factors, with a total of 5,102 respondents in the study. Prevalence of one-year MDD was 8.2% for sons and daughters and 50% for spouses with dementia. Among the families who had caregiver burden with dementia, prevalence of one-year MDD was 12.9%. Elderly and small numbers of family were also significantly associated with the prevalence of one-year MDD.
CONCLUSION
The prevalence of one-year MDD of the family caregivers of patients with dementia was higher than without that of patients according to family relation and caregiver burden. Caregivers who were elderly and had two or fewer family members had more caregiver burden and higher prevalence of one-year MDD.

Keyword

Depression; Caregivers; Burden; Dementia; Korea
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