Korean J Community Nutr.  2019 Jun;24(3):197-207. 10.5720/kjcn.2019.24.3.197.

Nutritional Risk of the Elderly Receiving a Home-Delivered Meal Service Program and the Factors for Nutritional Risk

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Food and Nutrition, Daejeon University, Daejeon 34520, Korea, Professor.
  • 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Soongeui Women's College, Seoul 04628, Korea, Professor. junghwachoi@sewc.co.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVES
This study examined the characteristics and nutritional risk of the elderly who receive home delivery services. We then analyzed the effects of the characteristics of the elderly who receive the home-delivery meal service on their nutritional risk.
METHODS
A total of 220 respondents who receive home-delivery meal service in Seoul participated in the survey. The survey consisted of the characteristics of the elderly (health status, tooth condition, physical activity, social participation activity, depression and relationship with neighbors), nutritional risk assessment and other general matters. The data was analyzed by using the SPSS program. Cross-tabulation analysis, t-test, correlation analysis and regression analysis were all conducted.
RESULTS
47.0% of the subjects were under 80 years old and 53.0% were over 80 years old, The nutritional risk score, as evaluated by a Nutrition Screening Initiative (NSI) checklist was 10.7 points, and the high nutrition risk group was 91.5% of the subjects. The subjective self-health status score was 2.24 points (out of a total of 5 points) and the tooth status score was 3.30 points. The physical activity level was 2.17 points for the under 80 years old group and 1.76 points for the over 80 years old, and there was a significant difference according to age (p<0.01), The higher the health status, tooth condition, physical activity and social participation activity level, the lower was the nutritional risk. Further, the higher the degree of depression, the higher was the nutritional risk.
CONCLUSIONS
For the healthy life of the elderly in the community, various welfare policies should be planned to increase social participation as well as to promote physical health and reduce depression.

Keyword

elderly; home-delivery meal service; nutritional risk

MeSH Terms

Aged*
Checklist
Depression
Humans
Mass Screening
Meals*
Motor Activity
Risk Assessment
Seoul
Social Participation
Surveys and Questionnaires
Tooth
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