J Korean Soc Matern Child Health.  2016 Sep;20(3):211-220. 10.21896/jksmch.2016.20.3.211.

Influencing Factors of Sleep Disturbance in Pregnant Women

Affiliations
  • 1Pusan National University Hospital, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Dong-A University, Korea. jheeyeo@dau.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was to identify the incidence of sleep disturbance and factors influencing their sleep disturbance in pregnant women.
METHODS
Data were collected from 131 pregnant women among outpatients who visited two obstetric clinics, one public health center, and P national university hospital to receive prenatal care from July until to September, 2015. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, χ²-test, and logistic multiple regression with PASW/WIN 22.0.
RESULTS
The mean score was 7.97 out of 21 points for sleep disturbance, 42.89 out of 96 points for pregnancy related discomforts, 7.02 out of 30 points for prenatal depression, and 68.65 out of 165 points for childbirth fear. Prevalence of poor sleeper group with more higher 5 out of 21 sleep disturbance points was 72.5%. Factors influencing sleep disturbance were pregnancy related discomforts (OR=1.11; 95% CI: 1.04~1.19), and prenatal depression (OR=1.17; 95% CI: 1.02~1.35).
CONCLUSION
This study shows that pregnancy related discomforts and prenatal depression affect sleep disturbance in pregnant women. Therefore, to improve sleep disturbance during pregnancy, we need to pay attention to relieving discomforts as well as prenatal depression.

Keyword

sleep disturbance; discomfort; depression; fear; pregnancy
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