J Korean Acad Soc Nurs Educ.  2019 May;25(2):263-272. 10.5977/jkasne.2019.25.2.263.

The Moderating Effect of Interpersonal Skills on the Relationship between Childhood Emotional Trauma and Depression in Nursing Students

Affiliations
  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Jeonbuk Science College, Korea.
  • 2Assistant professor, Department of Nursing, Chungbuk Health & Science University, Korea. jalhanda98@chsu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the moderating effect of interpersonal skills on the relationship between childhood emotional trauma and depression.
METHODS
From June to July, 2017, a convenience sample of 226 nursing students was recruited. Research data were collected through self-report questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS version 22.0.
RESULTS
68.1% (154) respondents experienced emotional abuse, and 48.1% (110) emotional neglect in childhood emotional trauma. The average depression score was 10.76. There were 54.4% (123), 34.5% (78), 12.8% (29), and 7.1% (16) of respondents with mild, moderate, and severe depression, respectively. The average interpersonal skills score was 3.59. There was a significant correlation between childhood emotional trauma (emotional abuse, emotional neglect), interpersonal skills and depression. And the moderating effect of interpersonal skills on the relationship between childhood emotional neglect and depression was significant.
CONCLUSION
Interpersonal skills play a role as a moderating variable influencing the relationship between emotional neglect of childhood emotional trauma and depression, and also reduce the effects of childhood emotional trauma on depression. When developing a depression prevention program for nursing college students, such programs should consider strategies to reduce the negative effects of childhood emotional trauma and to improve interpersonal skills.

Keyword

Interpersonal skills; Psychological trauma; Depression; Nursing students
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