Hip Pelvis.  2019 Jun;31(2):87-94. 10.5371/hp.2019.31.2.87.

Cup-Cage Construct Using Porous Cup with Burch-Schneider Cage in the Management of Complex Acetabular Fractures

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Orthopedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India. cmcdeepak@yahoo.com

Abstract

PURPOSE
Cup-cage construct technique was developed to address the massive acetabular defects during revision hip arthroplasty. Indications have extended to complex acetabular fractures with pelvic discontinuity necessitating acute total hip arthroplasty. However, its use is constrained in low socioeconomic countries due to non-availability of the original cages from Trabecular Metal Acetabular Revision System and high cost. We used a novel technique using the less expensive Burch-Schneider (BS) cage and Trabecular Metal Revision Shell (TMRS) to address the problem.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We reviewed a consecutive series of 8 cases of acetabular fractures reconstructed using a ‘cup-cage construct’ technique using a BS cage along with a TMRS. The mean age of the patients was 61.4 years. Patients were followed up for a mean period of 50.5 months (24 to 72 months). The patients were assessed clinically with Harris Hip Score and radiologically with serial X-rays.
RESULTS
All the patients were available at the latest follow up. The mean Harris Hip Score was 87.2. There was no radiological evidence of failure. One patient had dislocation two months following the surgery, which was treated by closed reduction and hip abduction brace. One patient developed an infection at 3 weeks necessitating debridement. The same patient had sciatic nerve palsy that recovered after 4 months.
CONCLUSION
This novel technique of the cup-cage construct seems to provide a stable construct at short to midterm follow-up. However, a long-term follow up would be required.

Keyword

Acetabular fractures; Acute total hip arthroplasty; Cup-cage construct
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