Ann Geriatr Med Res.  2019 Mar;23(1):20-26. 10.4235/agmr.19.0003.

Nursing Home Residents' Level of Knowledge About Urinary Incontinence

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, MuÄŸla Sıtkı Koçman University, MuÄŸla, Turkey. ysehir.semiha8@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
A common problem in nursing home residents, urinary incontinence (UI) can lead to hygiene and skin problems, sleep disturbance, and decreased quality of life. This study evaluated the level of knowledge regarding UI among nursing home residents in MuÄŸla, Turkey.
METHODS
This study included 64 (19 females, 45 males) nursing home resident volunteers. Their physical and sociodemographic characteristics; daily living activities (Barthel Index); and the presence, frequency, severity, and type of UI as well as its impact on daily living were evaluated (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form) and history of treatment was queried. An Incontinence Quiz was used to assess the residents' knowledge of incontinence.
RESULTS
The participants were living in nursing homes for 34.48±33.16 months. Their educational level was low and most were single. The mean Barthel Index score was 89.75±13.00. Twenty-five participants had UI (18.8% urge, 4.7% stress, 15.6% mixed/other type), and the mean International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form score was 8.08±4.24. Forty-four percent of the participants had no treatment and none had physiotherapy for incontinence. The mean Incontinence Quiz score was 4.88±1.96, indicating a low level of knowledge. The items with the highest ratio of incorrect responses (second and 14th) were related to the causes of incontinence and care seeking.
CONCLUSION
These findings underscore the necessity of increasing knowledge among nursing home residents about the reasons and health care options for UI. Further studies on appropriate strategies to improve UI knowledge in this population will be of great value.

Keyword

Aged; Geriatric assessment; Incontinence Quiz; Knowledge; Urinary incontinence
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