Korean J Pediatr Infect Dis.  2000 Nov;7(2):201-210. 10.14776/kjpid.2000.7.2.201.

Observation of Response to PPD Skin Test and Local Side Reactions at Multiple Inoculation Sites after Percutanous Inoculation with BCG Tokyo 172 Strain

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Yongdong Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. youngmo@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
We observed response to PPD skin test and local side reactions among subjects who received inoculation with Tokyo 172 BCG strain by percutaneous method using multiple puncture device.
METHODS
138 infants and young children were enrolled at Yongdong Severance Hospital and 7 private clinics. 5TU PPD skin test were performed at 4 months after inoculation. The local reactions at multiple puncture site were observed in 3 days, 4~6 weeks, 36 weeks, and 48 weeks after inoculations and physical check up was done for evaluation of lymphadenopathy.
RESULTS
During 48 weeks of observation period, 96 subjects among 138 who were enrolled were followed up completely with records of PPD skin test and observation of local side reactions, presenting with the photos. The size of the induration after 48 hours of PPD skin test, was less than 5mm in six subjects(6.3%), greater than 10mm in sixty seven subjects(70.0%) and greater than 12mm in forty six subjects(47.9%). All subjects showed inflammatory reaction and pustules at multiple puncture sites and only just small papules, ulcer and pustules remained 4-6 weeks later. Eight to twelve weeks later, all local inflammatory skin reactions disappeared with remaining crust. After 48 weeks, 4(4.2%) subjects showed no scar with only faint stain on the puncture site. More than 70% of subjects showed more than 10 faint pin-point scars on the sites. However, the size of scar was clearly smaller compared to that of intradermal inoculation. There were no cases of lymphadenopathy.
CONCLUSIONS
We observed good immune response to 5TU PPD skin test among the infant and young children who were immunized with percutanous inoculation of Tokyo 172 BCG strain. We could find any severe local scar at inoculation sites. A degree of satisfaction of the parents whose children received the percutaneous injection was very high.

Keyword

BCG; Tokyo 172 strain; Adverse reactions; PPD skin test
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