Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol.  2018 Dec;11(4):288-292. 10.21053/ceo.2017.01788.

Common Sites, Etiology, and Solutions of Persistent Septal Deviation in Revision Septoplasty

  • 1Dr. Jin's Premium Nose Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea.


To investigate the common causes of persistent septal deviation in revision septoplasty and to report the surgical techniques and results to correct them.
A total of 100 consecutive patients (86 males) who had revision septoplasty due to persistent septal deviation from 2008 and 2014 were included in the study. Their mean age was 35.6 years and the mean follow-up duration was 9.1 months. Presenting symptoms, sites of persistent septal deviation, techniques used to correct the deviation, and surgical results were reviewed.
The mean interval between primary and revision surgery was 6.2 years. Forty-eight patients received revision septoplasty and 52 received revision septoplasty combined with rhinoplasty. Nasal obstruction was the most presenting symptom in almost all patients. The most common site of persistent septal deviation was middle septum (58%) followed by caudal septum (31%). Correcting techniques included further chondrotomy and excision of deviated portion in 76% and caudal batten graft in 39%. Rhinoscopic and endoscopic exams showed straight septum in 97% and 92 patients had subjective symptom improvement postoperatively.
Middle septum and caudal septum were common sites of persistent deviation. Proper chondrotomy with excision of deviated middle septum and correction of the caudal deviation with batten graft are key maneuvers to treat persistent deviation.


Septoplasty; Revision Septoplasty; Batten Graft; Nasal Obstruction
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