Korean J Hosp Palliat Care.  2018 Sep;21(3):92-103. 10.14475/kjhpc.2018.21.3.92.

Factors Influencing Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Treatment in Tertiary General Hospital Workers -Knowledge and Attitude of Organ Donation and Transplantation, Awareness of Death, Knowledge and Perception of Hospice Palliative Care-

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Changshin University, Changwon, Korea.
  • 2Department of Urology, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, College of Medicine and Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. seogee@gnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This descriptive study was conducted to examine factors that affect hospital workers in their decision to withdraw from life-sustaining treatment, such as knowledge, attitude, and perception of organ donation, transplantation, death and hospice palliative care.
METHODS
A questionnaire was completed by 228 workers of a tertiary general hospital, and data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation by using SPSS 21.0.
RESULTS
The subjects' knowledge of biomedical ethics awareness differed by age, education level, occupation, affiliated department, and biomedical ethics education. Their knowledge of brain death, organ donation and transplantation was positively correlated with attitudes toward tissue donation and transplantation, knowledge of hospice palliative care, and perception of hospice palliative care. Their attitudes toward tissue donation and transplantation were significantly correlated with knowledge of hospice palliative care, perception of hospice palliative care, and withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. Their awareness of death was significantly correlated with knowledge of hospice palliative care, perception of hospice palliative care and withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. The perception of hospice palliative care was significantly correlated with withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. Factors associated with their withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment were work at the hospice ward (32.5%), attitudes toward tissue donation and transplantation and perception of hospice palliative care.
CONCLUSION
This study has shown that work at the hospice ward, attitudes toward tissue donation and transplantation and perception of hospice palliative care were related to attitudes toward withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. More research is needed to further develop various curriculums based on biomedical methods.

Keyword

Bioethics; Death; Hospice care; Perception; Transplantation
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