Korean J Occup Health Nurs.  2018 Aug;27(3):160-170. 10.5807/kjohn.2018.27.3.160.

The Effect of Job Stress on Health Promotion Behaviors of Nurses in a Regional General Hospital: The Mediating Effects of Positive Psychological Capital and Nursing Work Environment

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Konyang University, Daejeon, Korea. jypark@konyang.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to provide preliminary data for alleviating nurses' job stress and support health promotion behaviors. Further, the study reviews the mediating effects of positive psychological capital and nursing work environment in relation to job stress and health promotion behaviors among nurses in a regional general hospital.
METHODS
A study survey was conducted from June 9 to 16, 2017. The subjects were current nurses working at a regional general hospital in D city. Analysis of a survey questionnaire from 147 participants was conducted.
RESULTS
Upon reviewing the mediating effects of positive psychological capital and nursing work environment in relation with health promotion behaviors and job stress, it was found that positive psychological capital (Z=−4.78, p < .001) and nursing work environment (Z=−4.17, p < .001) were significant mediators.
CONCLUSION
As demonstrated through the results of this research, it is necessary to build programs to strengthen individual positive psychological capital and increase the practice of health promotion behaviors among nurses. It is also evident that a systematic approach is needed to improve the nursing work environment.

Keyword

Job stress; Health promotion behavior; Positive psychological capital; Nursing work environment
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