J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2018 Sep;29(3):267-278. 10.12799/jkachn.2018.29.3.267.

Comparison of Working Conditions among Non-regular Visiting Nurses in Public Health Centers based on Their Employment Types

  • 1Professor, Department of Nursing, Gachon University, Seongnam, Korea.
  • 2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Suncheon Jeil College, Suncheon, Korea.
  • 3Professor, Red Cross College of Nursing, Chungang University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 4Assistant Professor, Department of Social Welfare, Chungwoon University, Hongseong, Korea.
  • 5Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Chungwoon University, Hongseong, Korea. chinyr@chungwoon.ac.kr


This study is to investigate working conditions including job stress among visiting nurses in public health centers in Korea.
An social network based mobile survey was conducted in May 2017 (N=936, response rate: 47.0%).
The visiting nurses in this study had their average total career as a nurse is 13.7 years. The 68.3% of them were employed in an indefinite term, 17.0% were hired in a fixed term, and 11.0% came from outsourcing. They responded as high job-stress level including inadequate compensation (71.22/100) and job demands (71.91/100). They experienced down-talk (63.4%), swearwords (32.9%), being made a dirty face (39.9%), sexual jokes (30.8%), or being likened or evaluated with their appearance sexually (14.3%). Among the causes of job related conflicts and discrimination, deprived salary level was the most frequent reason (83.4%). The conflicts and discrimination were incurred by government officers (52.4%). There were no significant differences in overall job stress, emotional labor, organizational commitment, violence, and discrimination experience based on their employment types.
The differences in working conditions among the non-regular nurses were trivial, and their overall working conditions were poor. It is necessary to improve non-regular nurses' working conditions in order to make up the limitations of the Korean healthcare system which is centered on hospitals.


Nurses, community health; Nurses, Public health; Job satisfaction; Workplace violence; Personnel turnover
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