J Korean Acad Nurs.  2016 Dec;46(6):871-880. 10.4040/jkan.2016.46.6.871.

Validity and Reliability of Korean Version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale

  • 1Department of Nursing, Gwangyang Health Sciences University, Gwangyang, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nursing, Kunsan National University, Gunsan, Korea. yrpark@kunsan.ac.kr
  • 3College of Nursing·Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinjoo, Korea.


The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Korean Version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale (K-SCCS).
A cross-sectional study design was used. The K-SCCS consisted of 26 questions to measure spiritual care competence of nurses. Participants, 228 nurses who had more than 3 years'experience as a nurse, completed the survey. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the construct validity and correlations of K-SCCS and spiritual well-being (SWB) were used to examine the criterion validity of K-SCCS. Cronbach's alpha was used to test internal consistency.
The construct and the criterion-related validity of K-SCCS were supported as measures of spiritual care competence. Cronbach's alpha was .95. Factor loadings of the 26 questions ranged from .60 to .96. Construct validity of K-SCCS was verified by confirmatory factor analysis (RMSEA=.08, CFI=.90, NFI=.85). Criterion validity compared to the SWB showed significant correlation (r=.44, p < .001).
The findings suggest that K-SCCS serves as an appropriate measure of spiritual care competence with validity and reliability. However, further study is needed to retest the verification of the factor analysis related to factor 2 (professionalisation and improving the quality of spiritual care) and factor 3 (personal support and patient counseling). Therefore, we recommend using the total score without distinguishing subscales.


Spirituality; Competence; Nurses; Validity; Reliability

MeSH Terms

Attitude of Health Personnel
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hospice Care
Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Figure 1 Confirmatory factor analysis.


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