J Korean Acad Nurs.  2016 Apr;46(2):283-292. 10.4040/jkan.2016.46.2.283.

Effects of Self-directed Feedback Practice using Smartphone Videos on Basic Nursing Skills, Confidence in Performance and Learning Satisfaction

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. yhshin@yonsei.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to verify effects of a self-directed feedback practice using smartphone videos on nursing students' basic nursing skills, confidence in performance and learning satisfaction.
METHODS
In this study an experimental study with a post-test only control group design was used. Twenty-nine students were assigned to the experimental group and 29 to the control group. Experimental treatment was exchanging feedback on deficiencies through smartphone recorded videos of nursing practice process taken by peers during self-directed practice.
RESULTS
Basic nursing skills scores were higher for all items in the experimental group compared to the control group, and differences were statistically significant ["Measuring vital signs" (t= - 2.10, p =.039); "Wearing protective equipment when entering and exiting the quarantine room and the management of waste materials" (t= - 4.74, p <.001) "Gavage tube feeding" (t= - 2.70, p =.009)]. Confidence in performance was higher in the experimental group compared to the control group, but the differences were not statistically significant. However, after the complete practice, there was a statistically significant difference in overall performance confidence (t= - 3.07. p =.003). Learning satisfaction was higher in the experimental group compared to the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (t= - 1.67, p =.100).
CONCLUSION
Results of this study indicate that self-directed feedback practice using smartphone videos can improve basic nursing skills. The significance is that it can help nursing students gain confidence in their nursing skills for the future through improvement of basic nursing skills and performance of quality care, thus providing patients with safer care.

Keyword

Smartphone; Feedback; Nursing; Skills; Satisfaction
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