J Vet Sci.  2016 Sep;17(3):391-398. 10.4142/jvs.2016.17.3.391.

Population genetic study of 10 short tandem repeat loci from 600 domestic dogs in Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Forensic DNA, National Forensic Service, Wonju 26460, Korea. hmyunsoo@korea.kr mchotox@snu.ac.kr
  • 2Laboratory of Toxicology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea. hmyunsoo@korea.kr mchotox@snu.ac.kr
  • 3Graduate Group of Tumor Biology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.
  • 4Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon 16386, Korea.
  • 5Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology, Seoul National University, Suwon 16386, Korea.
  • 6Institute of GreenBio Science Technology, Seoul National University, Pyeongchang 25354, Korea.

Abstract

Dogs have long shared close relationships with many humans. Due to the large number of dogs in human populations, they are often involved in crimes. Occasionally, canine biological evidence such as saliva, bloodstains and hairs can be found at crime scenes. Accordingly, canine DNA can be used as forensic evidence. The use of short tandem repeat (STR) loci from biological evidence is valuable for forensic investigations. In Korea, canine STR profiling-related crimes are being successfully analyzed, leading to diverse crimes such as animal cruelty, dog-attacks, murder, robbery, and missing and abandoned dogs being solved. However, the probability of random DNA profile matches cannot be analyzed because of a lack of canine STR data. Therefore, in this study, 10 STR loci were analyzed in 600 dogs in Korea (344 dogs belonging to 30 different purebreds and 256 crossbred dogs) to estimate canine forensic genetic parameters. Among purebred dogs, a separate statistical analysis was conducted for five major subgroups, 97 Maltese, 47 Poodles, 31 Shih Tzus, 32 Yorkshire Terriers, and 25 Pomeranians. Allele frequencies, expected (Hexp) and observed heterozygosity (Hobs), fixation index (F), probability of identity (P(ID)), probability of sibling identity (P(ID)(sib)) and probability of exclusion (PE) were then calculated. The Hexp values ranged from 0.901 (PEZ12) to 0.634 (FHC2079), while the P(ID)(sib) values were between 0.481 (FHC2079) and 0.304 (PEZ12) and the P(ID)(sib) was about 3.35 × 10⁻⁵ for the combination of all 10 loci. The results presented herein will strengthen the value of canine DNA to solving dog-related crimes.

Keyword

allele frequency; canine short tandem repeat population; individual identification; short tandem repeat
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