J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2018 Jan;24(1):61-72. 10.11111/jkana.2018.24.1.61.

Moderating Effects of Career Decision-making Self-efficacy and Social Support in the relationship between Career Barriers and Job-seeking Stress among Nursing Students Preparing for Employment

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kaya University, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Kosin University, Korea. cgi@kosin.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify whether career decision-making self-efficacy and social support provide a moderating effect between career barriers and job-seeking stress for 4th year nursing students preparing for employment.
METHODS
A self report questionnaire survey was completed by 300 4th year nursing students at 6 universities located in 4 cities in Korea. Data were gathered during July, 2017 and analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 program.
RESULTS
There was significant positive correlation between career barriers and job-seeking stress, and negative correlation between career decision-making self-efficacy, social support and job-seeking stress. Career decision-making self-efficacy and social support had significant moderating effects in the relationship between career barriers and job-seeking stress among nursing students preparing for employment.
CONCLUSION
The results of the study indicate that career decision-making self-efficacy and social support are important factors in reducing job-seeking stress among nursing students preparing for employment. Therefore, to understand various job-seeking stress factors among nursing students preparing for employment, consideration must be given to the development of educational programs and support systems to improve career decision-making self-efficacy and social support.

Keyword

Career barriers; Job-seeking stress; Career decision-making self-efficacy; Social support

MeSH Terms

Employment*
Humans
Korea
Nursing*
Self Report
Students, Nursing*
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