Saf Health Work.  2017 Dec;8(4):393-397. 10.1016/

A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effects of Technology-aided Testing and Feedback on Physical Activity and Biological Age Among Employees in a Medium-sized Enterprise

  • 1University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
  • 2Sports Institute Pajulahti, Nastola, Finland.
  • 3University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.


It has been suggested that engaging technology can empower individuals to be more proactive about their health and reduce their health risks. The aim of the present intervention was to study the effects of technology-aided testing and feedback on physical activity and biological age of employees in a middle-sized enterprise.
In all, 121 employees (mean age 42 ± 10 years) participated in the 12-month three-arm cluster randomized trial. The fitness measurement process (Body Age) determined the participants’ biological age in years. Physical activity was measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form.
Physical activity did not change during the intervention. Biological age (better fitness) improved in all groups statistically significantly (p < 0.001), but with no interaction effects. The mean changes (years) in the groups were −2.20 for the controls, –2.83 for the group receiving their biological age and feedback, and −2.31 for the group receiving their biological age, feedback, and a training computer.
Technology-aided testing with feedback does not seem to change the amount of physical activity but may enhance physical fitness measured by biological age.

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