Yeungnam Univ J Med.  2017 Dec;34(2):191-199. 10.12701/yujm.2017.34.2.191.

Long-term clinical outcome of acute myocardial infarction according to the early revascularization method: a comparison of primary percutaneous coronary interventions and fibrinolysis followed by routine invasive treatment

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji General Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ysk1140@eulji.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study was conducted to provide a comparison between the clinical outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and that of fibrinolysis followed by routine invasive treatment in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
METHODS
A total of 184 consecutive STEMI patients who underwent primary PCI or fibrinolysis followed by a routine invasive therapy were enrolled from 2004 to 2011, and their major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) were compared.
RESULTS
Among the 184 patients, 146 patients received primary PCI and 38 patients received fibrinolysis. The baseline clinical characteristics were similar between both groups, except for triglyceride level (68.1±66.62 vs. 141.6±154.3 mg/dL, p=0.007) and high density lipoprotein level (44.6±10.3 vs. 39.5±8.1 mg/dL, p=0.005). The initial creatine kinase-MB level was higher in the primary PCI group (71.5±114.2 vs. 35.9±59.9 ng/mL, p=0.010). The proportion of pre-thrombolysis in MI 0 to 2 flow lesions (92.9% vs. 73.0%, p < 0.001) was higher and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors were administered more frequently in the primary PCI group. There was no difference in the 12-month clinical outcomes, including all-cause mortality (9.9% vs. 8.8%, p=0.896), cardiac death (7.8% vs. 5.9%, p=0.845), non-fatal MI (1.4% vs. 2.9%, p=0.539), target lesion revascularization (5.7% vs. 2.9%, p=0.517), and stroke (0% vs. 0%). The MACEs free survival rate was similar for both groups (odds ratio, 0.792; 95% confidence interval, 0.317-1.980; p=0.618). The clinical outcome of thrombolysis was not inferior, even when compared with primary PCI performed within 90 minutes.
CONCLUSION
Early fibrinolysis with optimal antiplatelet and antithrombotic therapy followed by appropriate invasive procedure would be a comparable alternative to treatment of MI, especially in cases of shorter-symptom-to-door time.

Keyword

Fibrinolysis; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Myocardial infarction
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