J Dent Anesth Pain Med.  2017 Dec;17(4):289-295. 10.17245/jdapm.2017.17.4.289.

The relationship between subjective oral health and dental fear in Korean adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dental Hygiene, Wonkwang Health Science University, Iksan, Republic of Korea.
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Sunmoon University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.
  • 3Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Wonkwang Bone Regeneration Research Institute, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. 9543sue@hanmail.net

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study is aimed to evaluate the level of fear and to reduce the overall fear, thereby enabling patients to receive treatment via timely visits.
METHODS
In a survey conducted by 460 South Korean middle school students, we used 453 data that faithfully responded to the survey. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the factors influencing subjective oral health and dental fear. The significance level used for statistical significance was α = 0.05.
RESULTS
The level of fear was higher for upper grade, female students. The factors affecting dental fear were higher for gingival bleeding and dental pain. Regarding factors for dental fear affecting subjective oral health, lower fear of puncture needle and tooth removal tool resulted in higher subjective oral health.
CONCLUSION
The study found that adolescents had higher fear of dental care when they had gingival bleeding and tooth pain. Gingival bleeding is a symptom of early gingival disease and dental pain is likely due to advanced dental caries. These results suggested that it is necessary to have a program to reduce dental fear and anxiety as well as a program to prevent dental diseases through regular periodic screening and education.

Keyword

Adolescent; Dental Fear; Oral Health; Pain; Well-Being

MeSH Terms

Adolescent*
Anxiety
Dental Anxiety*
Dental Care
Dental Caries
Education
Female
Gingival Diseases
Hemorrhage
Humans
Mass Screening
Needles
Oral Health*
Punctures
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth
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