J Korean Clin Nurs Res.  2017 Aug;23(2):179-188. 10.22650/JKCNR.2017.23.2.179.

Factors Affecting Post-Traumatic Stress of General Hospital Nurses after the Epidemic of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Infection

Affiliations
  • 1Doctoral Student, College of Nursing,The Catholic University, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, The Catholic University, Korea. hrpark@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study examined post-traumatic stress (PTS) and the factors affecting it among general hospital nurses after the MERS(Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) epidemic.
METHODS
Data were collected from 170 nurses who worked at general hospitals since the first reported MERS outbreak. The IES-R-K assessed PTS. Data were analyzed using SPSS.
RESULTS
The mean PTS level was 7.80 points (range: 0~88); 7.1% of the participants were at a high risk. Nurses who had been in contact with patients suspected or diagnosed with MERS had high post-traumatic levels; those who had been quarantined during the MERS outbreak had relatively higher PTS levels. Shift-work nurses had higher PTS levels than those with fixed working hours. Above charge' nurses stress levels were higher than staff nurses' stress levels. The results showed that factors including contact with an MERS-suspected or diagnosed patient, position at work, and working status of MERS-affected nurses explained 16% of the PTS. Among the main variables, nurses' above charge position was the greatest factor affecting PTS. DISCUSSION: It is necessary to develop intervention studies and programs considering these variables. Furthermore, development and implementation of differentiated programs should be done considering the position of above charge nurses.

Keyword

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome; Nurses; Stress Disorders; Post-Traumatic
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