Saf Health Work.  2017 Sep;8(3):267-275. 10.1016/j.shaw.2017.01.001.

Safety of Workers in Indian Mines: Study, Analysis, and Prediction

Affiliations
  • 1Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur, India. shikhaverma2108@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND
The mining industry is known worldwide for its highly risky and hazardous working environment. Technological advancement in ore extraction techniques for proliferation of production levels has caused further concern for safety in this industry. Research so far in the area of safety has revealed that the majority of incidents in hazardous industry take place because of human error, the control of which would enhance safety levels in working sites to a considerable extent.
METHODS
The present work focuses upon the analysis of human factors such as unsafe acts, preconditions for unsafe acts, unsafe leadership, and organizational influences. A modified human factor analysis and classification system (HFACS) was adopted and an accident predictive fuzzy reasoning approach (FRA)-based system was developed to predict the likelihood of accidents for manganese mines in India, using analysis of factors such as age, experience of worker, shift of work, etc.
RESULTS
The outcome of the analysis indicated that skill-based errors are most critical and require immediate attention for mitigation. The FRA-based accident prediction system developed gives an outcome as an indicative risk score associated with the identified accident-prone situation, based upon which a suitable plan for mitigation can be developed.
CONCLUSION
Unsafe acts of the worker are the most critical human factors identified to be controlled on priority basis. A significant association of factors (namely age, experience of the worker, and shift of work) with unsafe acts performed by the operator is identified based upon which the FRA-based accident prediction model is proposed.

Keyword

Keywords; fuzzy reasoning approach; human factor analysis and classification system; mining safety; risk assessment
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