J Korean Biol Nurs Sci.  2017 Feb;19(1):48-54. 10.7586/jkbns.2017.19.1.48.

Influence of Severity of Problem Drinking, Circadian Rhythm and Sleep Quality on Sleep Disorder in Alcohol Use Disorder Patients

Affiliations
  • 1College of Nursing·Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. hshong@knu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This study was done to identify the influence of severity of drinking problem, circadian rhythm and sleep quality in patients with alcohol use.
METHODS
A descriptive study design was utilized. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires from 139 patients with alcohol use disorder who were admitted to a psychiatric hospital in D city, Korea. The questionnaires included Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), Composite Scale of Morningness (CMS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Korea sleep scale A. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions using the SPSS 20.0 program.
RESULTS
There was significant correlations among severity of problem drinking, circadian rhythm, sleep quality and sleep disorder. The significant factors influencing sleep disorder were severity of problem drinking(β=.12, p=.042), circadian rhythm(β=−.14, p=.039) and sleep quality(β=.63, p=<.001). This model explained 56% of variance in sleep disorder(F=57.34, p=<.001).
CONCLUSION
The results of this study suggest that the development of sleep intervention programs for alcohol use disorder patients needs to consider severity of alcohol use, circadian rhythm and sleep quality, and sleep assessment and intervention are needed the early stage of the treatment and recovery process.

Keyword

Alcoholism; Alcohol-related disorders; Circadian rhythm; Sleep
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