J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.  2016 Dec;25(4):399-408. 10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.4.399.

Effects of Psychiatric Nurses' Secondary Traumatic Stress and Compassion Satisfaction on Burnout: The Moderating Effect of Social Support

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Nursing, Kunjang University College, Gunsan, Korea.
  • 2College of Nursing, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. kimjjy@jbnu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of secondary traumatic stress and compassion satisfaction on burnout in psychiatric nurses and the moderating effects of social support.
METHODS
The participants were 214 psychiatric nurses from G city & C, G, J province. Data were collected from October 23 to November 6, 2015 and analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, multiple regression analysis and moderated regression analysis.
RESULTS
Secondary traumatic stress and compassion satisfaction had significant influence on burnout in psychiatric nurses. The explained variance for burnout was 67%. However, social support did not moderate the effect of secondary traumatic stress and compassion satisfaction on burnout.
CONCLUSION
Findings indicate that burnout in psychiatric nurses may have a direct influence on their nursing services. There is a need to provide nursing intervention programs in order to prevent and alleviate burnout in psychiatric nurses by decreasing secondary traumatic stress and increasing compassion satisfaction.

Keyword

Psychiatric nursing; Compassion fatigue; Burnout; Social support

MeSH Terms

Compassion Fatigue*
Empathy*
Nursing
Nursing Services
Psychiatric Nursing
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