Perspect Nurs Sci.  2016 Oct;13(2):81-87. 10.16952/pns.2016.13.2.81.

A Critical Review of Nurse Demand Forecasting Methods in Empirical Studies 1991~2014

  • 1Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.


The aim of this study is to review the nurse demand forecasting methods in empirical studies published during 1991~2014 and suggest ideas to improve the validity in nurse demand forecasting.
Previous studies on nurse demand forecasting methodology were categorized into four groups: time series analysis, top-down approach of workforce requirement, bottom-up approach of workforce requirement, and labor market analysis. Major methodological properties of each group were summarized and compared.
Time series analysis and top-down approach were the most frequently used forecasting methodologies.
To improve decision-making in nursing workforce planning, stakeholders should consider a variety of demand forecasting methods and appraise the validity of forecasting nurse demand.


Nurse demand; Nursing workforce; Nurse demand forecasting; Demand for nurse
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