Perspect Nurs Sci.  2016 Oct;13(2):59-69. 10.16952/pns.2016.13.2.59.

An Integrative Literature Review on Self-awareness Education/Training Programs in the Nursing Area

Affiliations
  • 1RN, Department of Nursing, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. sungjae@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
This paper is a review of interventions designed to promote self-awareness in the nursing area. The specific purpose was to analyze the general characteristics of self-awareness intervention studies, intervention contents, and the effects of the studies in order to present basic information for developing self-awareness interventions in the nursing area.
METHODS
Using “nurse/nursing” and “self-awareness” as key words, the researchers searched six electronic databases. The method proposed by Whittemore and Knafl was used.
RESULTS
Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. The most common research design was quasi-experimental. Nine quasi-experimental studies (52.9%), 7 qualitative studies (41.2%), and 1 mixed methodology study (5.9%) were analyzed. Most studies used group intervention and student nurses as participants. The interventions were revealed to be effective in enhancing participants’ self-awareness. The reflection method was used in most intervention approaches.
CONCLUSION
To provide therapeutic nursing care, having self-awareness is important. Future research with well-designed clinical trials applying self-awareness intervention needs to be conducted to enhance self-awareness in the nursing area.

Keyword

Awareness; Intervention; Nurses
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