Perspect Nurs Sci.  2016 Oct;13(2):59-69. 10.16952/pns.2016.13.2.59.

An Integrative Literature Review on Self-awareness Education/Training Programs in the Nursing Area

  • 1RN, Department of Nursing, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Professor, College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.


This paper is a review of interventions designed to promote self-awareness in the nursing area. The specific purpose was to analyze the general characteristics of self-awareness intervention studies, intervention contents, and the effects of the studies in order to present basic information for developing self-awareness interventions in the nursing area.
Using “nurse/nursing” and “self-awareness” as key words, the researchers searched six electronic databases. The method proposed by Whittemore and Knafl was used.
Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. The most common research design was quasi-experimental. Nine quasi-experimental studies (52.9%), 7 qualitative studies (41.2%), and 1 mixed methodology study (5.9%) were analyzed. Most studies used group intervention and student nurses as participants. The interventions were revealed to be effective in enhancing participants’ self-awareness. The reflection method was used in most intervention approaches.
To provide therapeutic nursing care, having self-awareness is important. Future research with well-designed clinical trials applying self-awareness intervention needs to be conducted to enhance self-awareness in the nursing area.


Awareness; Intervention; Nurses
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