Korean J Radiol.  2016 Feb;17(1):127-141. 10.3348/kjr.2016.17.1.127.

Importance of Contrast-Enhanced Fluid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Various Intracranial Pathologic Conditions

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiology, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang 10326, Korea. ejl1048@hanmail.net
  • 2Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24289, Korea.

Abstract

Intracranial lesions may show contrast enhancement through various mechanisms that are closely associated with the disease process. The preferred magnetic resonance sequence in contrast imaging is T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) at most institutions. However, lesion enhancement is occasionally inconspicuous on T1WI. Although fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences are commonly considered as T2-weighted imaging with dark cerebrospinal fluid, they also show mild T1-weighted contrast, which is responsible for the contrast enhancement. For several years, FLAIR imaging has been successfully incorporated as a routine sequence at our institution for contrast-enhanced (CE) brain imaging in detecting various intracranial diseases. In this pictorial essay, we describe and illustrate the diagnostic importance of CE-FLAIR imaging in various intracranial pathologic conditions.

Keyword

Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence; Contrast; Brain; MRI
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