J Korean Acad Rehabil Med.  2010 Aug;34(4):451-457.

Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of Integrated Fall Prevention Program in the Korean Elderly

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea. njpaik@snu.ac.kr

Abstract


OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the short-term and long-term effects of integrated fall prevention program comprised of exercise program to improve physical function, education of fall prevention strategy and environmental improvement in elderly Korean. METHOD: Elderly who were at high risk for fall participated in 8-week integrated fall prevention program. Outcome measures including fall efficacy scale (FES), activity-specific balance confidence (ABC), flexibility test, balance function test, short physical performance battery (SPPB) and isokinetic knee strength were evaluated and compared before and after the program. One year after the program, fall experience and frequency, FES and ABC were followed up by mail questionnaire.
RESULTS
Among 63 participants enrolled at the baseline, 43 completed the program. Flexibility, balance function and SPPB improved significantly whereas FES, ABC, anthropometric measure data and knee strength were not changed. One year after the program, the number of fallers decreased significantly.
CONCLUSION
Integrated fall prevention program may improve flexibility and balance function, and can reduce the risk of fall in the elderly population.

Keyword

Fall; Prevention; Program; Old
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